Pages tagged "plantation"

APRIL Makes A Mockery Of Its Own "Sustainable" Forest Policy


Almost six months after the release of its Sustainable Forest Management Policy, Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd (APRIL)—the second-largest Indonesian pulp & paper company—continues business-as-usual rainforest destruction, betraying the spirit and substance of its policy.

The Sydney Morning Herald reported in May that APRIL-owned PT RAPP cleared massive swaths of carbon-rich peatlands on Pulau Padang, an island off the Sumatran coast that APRIL promised to help restore. Members of island community Desa Bagan Melibur have called on APRIL to terminate operations on their community land, and Desa Bagan Melibur’s May 17 protest is the most recent clash in a stark legacy of land disputes between APRIL and Padang’s thirteen villages since 2009.

Pulau Padang’s peatlands store millions of tons of carbon and are home to endangered species and communities that depend on these forests for their livelihoods. You could also say the island itself is endangered: decaying peat causes the low-lying island to subside, and scientists warn that if no action is taken, Padang may very well be under sea level and useless for any type of cultivation by 2050.

APRIL’s forest policy itself is rife with loopholes and allows APRIL to continue slashing natural forests in its concessions through December and source rainforest fiber until 2020. Yet the company’s refusal to uphold even its weak policy commitments brings APRIL’s intentions entirely into doubt. In addition to the Pulau Padang case, earlier this year, APRIL suppliers were caught clearing natural forests on legally protected peat land in Borneo and high conservation value forest on peat land in Riau. In the latter case, not only were internationally protected ramin trees cut down, but APRIL supplier PT Triomas allegedly attempted to hide the evidence by burying the contraband logs.

There is mounting recognition that APRIL’s policy and actions are insufficient and not credible. Last Friday, RAN and an international collation of allies co-authored a letter highlighting the severe shortcomings in APRIL’s policies, such as the lack of a moratorium on natural forest and peat land conversion, unclear commitments on resolving social conflicts, and the policy’s narrow scope, which does not extend to cover APRIL’s sister companies within owner Sukanto Tanoto’s rogue cartel of companies, such as Toba Pulp Lestari, Sateri, and Asian Agri. The letter also points to the inadequacy and questionable credibility of the Stakeholder Advisory Committee (SAC) APRIL set up to help develop, implement, and monitor the forest policy in a transparent and independent manner.

APRIL’s new policy and the SAC risk being nothing but a parade of environmental lip service built on teetering scaffolds of environmental destruction, social conflict, and corruption. Customers and financiers must cut ties with APRIL and other companies owned by Sukanto Tanoto and pressure APRIL to end rainforest clearing and respect community rights.

TAKE ACTION: Tell APRIL owner Sukanto Tanoto to stop pulping Pulau Padang’s rainforests.

10 Photos That Will Make You Never Want To Buy Palm Oil Ever Again

Every day the rainforests that endangered Borneo Orangutans depend on for their survival are destroyed to make way for palm plantations.

Palm oil companies like PT Bumitama Gunajaya Agro (PT BGA), a subsidiary of Bumitama Agri Ltd, send in bulldozers to clear the forest so they can plant palm trees. Sometimes individual orangutans are hurt, captured and sold, or shot and killed. Thankfully, some are found and saved by trained orangutan rescue teams.

This is a photo essay of an orangutan rescue in an area being cleared by PT BGA in West Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.

"We were asked by the local forestry department to assist in the rescue of some orangutans found in a palm plantation area in Ketapang while the land clearing was taking place," says Karmele Llano Sánchez, BVSc, MSc, Executive Director, Yayasan IAR Indonesia. "We deployed our team and found a number of orangutans were stranded, starving and in need of immediate medical attention. This orangutan rescue is an example of the rescues that our teams are frequently doing in areas where palm oil companies are clearing forests to make way for new palm oil plantations "

WARNING: Some of these pictures are fairly graphic and might be hard to look at. The orangutan is stunned though, not dead. Still, these photos tell a story that is at once tragic and uplifting. Rescue IAR_BGA_06Rescue IAR_BGA_05Rescue IAR_BGA_04

Rescue IAR_BGA_07

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Rescue IAR_BGA_01

Rescue IAR_BGA_02

Rescue IAR_BGA_03

We are witnessing the last stand for the orangutan. Their fate is in the palm of our hands.

Make a stand for the orangutan by joining RAN's Palm Oil Action Team.

August 19th is World Orangutan Day. Show your support for the orangutan rescue teams by attending the World Orangutan Event on Facebook.

RSPO Missing Persons Report

Update 11/25/11 10:08am Despite key commitments to work with the RSPO to meet consumer demands, several key RSPO members are missing at this year’s RSPO meeting in Sabah, Malaysia. Has anyone recently seen Kellogg’s, McDonald’s or Girl Scouts USA? They were last seen buying palm oil with Cargill and making assurances to the public that it was not tied to deforestation, poor labor practices or human rights violations. Kellogg's: Despite officially joining in 2008, Kellogg's doesn't appear to have ever completed the five basic questions in its membership application. We were unable to find their required annual progress reports, according to the minutes of last year's General Assembly they did not vote on the resolutions, and weren't sighted at last year's RSPO conference at all. Again this year they were nowhere to be found. Kellogg's told the public in its recent announcement:
"As a socially responsible company, Kellogg is committed to conducting our business in a way that reduces our environmental impact," said Celeste A. Clark, Ph.D., Chief Sustainability Officer, Kellogg Company.
Apparently Kellogg's commitment doesn't extend to engaging with or verifying the effectiveness of the RSPO. Given that it sources palm oil from Cargill, a company with no safeguards on the palm oil it trades, this seems like a pretty flimsy guarantee to customers that the company takes its sustainability commitment seriously. Girl Scouts: Following extensive public concern about the use of palm oil in their iconic Girl Scout cookies, Girl Scouts USA recently made a “sustainable” palm oil commitment to cover its use of palm oil in dozens of popular Girl Scout cookie recipes. Despite having committed to the public the intent to "become affiliate members of the RSPO" and use the RSPO to guarantee that its products are not linked to rainforest destruction, representatives were nowhere to  be found. In fact, Girl Scouts USA seems to have created a new category of "affiliate membership" that is not one of the 7 official categories of RSPO membership. Hmmm.Perhaps by affiliate membership they mean they are relying on cookie bakers to effectively use their membership in the RSPO to guarantee that palm oil is not connected to rainforest destruction and orangutan habitat loss. Unfortunately we couldn't confirm RSPO membership for either ABC Bakers or Weston Foods Limited, and the only Girl Scout cookie baker we did find was Kellogg. Pity given the above. McDonald's: The newest RSPO member missing in action joined in October with great fanfare but was nowhere to be found despite having said:
"Participating in multi-stakeholder engagements such as the RSPO is one way for us to put the power and leadership of McDonald’s behind commitments to continue to source sustainable ingredients such as palm oil,” said Francesca DeBiase, McDonald’s vice president, Worldwide Strategic Sourcing, in a statement. “Sustainability issues as they relate to food are often confusing to consumers, and we can help lead the way by educating our customers on how our food is sourced.”
  [caption id="attachment_16989" align="alignleft" width="122"]Missing: McDonalds CEO Jim Skinner Missing: McDonalds CEO Jim Skinner[/caption] [caption id="attachment_16988" align="alignleft" width="88"]Missing: Kellogg CEO John Bryant Missing: Kellogg CEO John Bryant[/caption] [caption id="attachment_16987" align="alignleft" width="129"]Missing: GSUSA CEO Anna Maria Chavez Missing: GSUSA CEO Anna Maria Chavez[/caption]             If we're expecting these brands to assure that RSPO certified palm oil is truly responsible, perhaps next year we'll have to put the photos of these missing companies on the back of milk boxes before the annual RSPO meeting. Update 11/24/11 9:50am Whose Voices are Missing at the RSPO? In concluding her plenary presentation yesterday, “A Preliminary consideration of workers and communities,” Toh su Mei from the organization Wild Asia, left participants of the 9th Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil meeting pondering the lack of representation of workers and smallholders at the conference. “We are the stakeholders of the palm oil economy, but where are the workers in the room?” Her question to the room brought to light a notable emptiness among RSPO members and RSPO board members: palm oil workers. [caption id="attachment_16980" align="alignleft" width="418"]Workers at Ledo Lestari palm oil plantation in Borneo. Photo: David Gilbert Local activists fighting to save their forests. Photo: David Gilbert[/caption] There are an estimated 2 million Indonesians working in Malaysia for a variety of industries. Indonesia placed a moratorium on sending workers to Malaysia following widely reported abuse of Indonesian workers in the neighboring country where many are undocumented and work in palm oil plantations, construction and as domestic workers. But after two years of tough negotiations, involving the top leaders of both countries, Indonesia and Malaysia eventually overcame the protracted deadlock on the sending of unskilled Indonesian workers to Malaysia. Migrant workers from Indonesia working on palm oil plantations may have their passports held and may be subject to multi-year contracts that push the workers into debt and prevent escape. As I documented just over a year ago, slave and child labor on palm oil plantations is a severe reality in Indonesia and Malaysia. So sever, in fact, that recently the U.S. Department of Labor added palm oil cultivated in Indonesia to its List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor. Toh su Mei explained that migrant workers often aren’t allowed to organize or join unions or risk getting terminated. She encouraged the RSPO to reach out to local and migrant workers upon which the oil palm industry relies and to engage them in decision making processes that ultimately affect them but currently are run behind closed doors. According to a 2009 publication on the Asia Pacific Mission for Migrants, here is summary of the issues facing migrant workers in Malaysia. If the RSPO fails to meaningfully involve the workers it relies on to address these issues, another weakness will be added to a system that is already missing key safeguards relating to the industry’s greenhouse gas emissions, one that still fails to adequately implement key elements of the principles and criteria relating to social conflict and the conversion of natural forests. [caption id="attachment_16958" align="alignleft" width="262"]Orang mother and child Orangutans, threatened with extinction by the palm oil industry, are humankinds closest relatives[/caption] Original Post: Malaysia Minister Slams NGOs for Using Science that Documents High Risk of Orangutan Extinction On Tuesday, November 22, the Malaysian Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities, a man named Tan Sri Bernard Giluk Dompok, delivered the Official Address in the Opening Ceremony of the Rountable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) conference. A significant portion of his comments expressed concern and disapproval of the style of campaigning RAN and other NGO’s use to draw attention to the social and environmental problems with palm oil. But Mr. Dompok did more than simply acknowledge the campaigns of those concerned with deforestation, climate change, and declines in orangutan populations. He decided to snub science in front of 1,000 delegates from 34 countries, claiming that a 2007 report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), documenting the high risk of orangutan extinction due to deforestation, was baseless:
The development of the oil palm industry has never been without challenges. Environmental and consumer advocacy groups, particularly in Europe and US have stepped up claims that the oil palm sector is destroying large tracts of forests and encroaching on the natural habitats of endangered species. For example, a report entitled, “The Last Stand of the Orang Utan: State of Emergency,” claims that oil palm plantations are expanding so rapidly in the rainforests of Malaysia that almost no virgin forest will remain by 2022. It has been also claimed that an equivalent of 300 soccer fields are deforested every hour for oil palm plantations. I am of the view all these allegations are baseless and based on the premise of fear on the competitiveness of palm oil.
This statement comes just a week after the Malaysian Government announced its plans to spend $7.7 million (24 million ringgit) in 2011 and 2012 to counter criticism over the social and environmental impact of palm oil. Directly after Mr. Dompok’s speech, I snuck into the Press Conference and sat in the front row. On camera, I asked Mr. Dompok why the Malaysian Government needed to spend over $7 million if the Malaysian palm oil industry was indeed so “sustainable.” His answer? That Malaysia needs to counter misleading NGO campaigns based on fear. Indeed, the specter of the extinction of humankind’s closest relative, the orangutan, does elicit a sense of fear in many around the world. A comprehensive new study finds that orangutan populations in Indonesian Borneo are being diminished at unsustainable rates. The results indicate orangutans may be headed toward extinction. The study, published in PLoS One, is based on 18 months of interviews with nearly 7,000 people across 687 villages in areas where orangutans persist in East, Central, and West Kalimantan. The research involved 18 NGOs, including local and international organizations. In a recent interview, Dr. Marc Ancrenanz of HUTAN notes that oil palm plantations cover a staggering 14,000 square kilometers of Sabah, one of the two states in Malaysian Borneo and the number one producer of Malaysian palm oil. This is equal to 20 Singapores planted solely with palm! In the same interview, Dr. Marc Ancrenanz mentions that genetic studies in Sabah show that the orangutan population has declined by 50% to 90% over the past few decades. This severe decline is due to several causes, such as hunting and the illegal pet trade, but the foremost reason is forest loss as it is cut down and converted to agriculture. So you be the judge. Do you trust the comments made by the Malaysian Minister following the government’s $7 million investment in a public relations campaign, or do you trust scientists working to save the endangered orangutan before it is too late? In my experience, when companies or governments spend $7,000,000 on public relations to counter science, it’s usually because they have something to cover up.

Fruit Pollutes More Than Coal?

[caption id="attachment_11256" align="alignright" width="300" caption="A palm oil mill effluent pond in West Kalimantan, Borneo. RAN’s Rainforest Agribusiness team spent three weeks last fall visiting some of Indonesia’s most controversial palm oil plantations. Click the photo to see more pics from the trip."]Borneo destruction[/caption] It may seem like a silly question: Can fruit cause more pollution than coal? But from the perspective of Indonesian waterways, the answer is most certainly yes. According to Mukri Friatna, head of advocacy for WALHI (Friends of the Earth Indonesia), “Oil palm plantations ranked first as producers of pollutants, followed by mining companies.” WALHI released a report detailing its findings this past December. This isn’t the first time that palm plantations and mining corporations have been in competition for the top spot on the list of environmental wrongdoers. As we witnessed while traveling through Borneo, palm and mining joint ventures join hands to plow down rainforests. Any jungle that has the misfortune of growing atop coal, gold, and boxite reserves is liable to be “removed” to make room for massive mining operations. Once the valuable materials have been extracted, the dusty and nutrient-depleted soil is filled in and palm monocultures begin to expand across great expanses that were once tropical rainforests. None of which excuses the coal mining industry for anything. WALHI’s findings reveal that while oil palm plantations are responsible for having polluted 31 of Indonesia’s rivers, coal companies dumped toxic waste and other dangerous waste products in 19 more. So even though palm plantations are the undisputed champion of poisoning Indonesia’s watercourses, coal mining is still a serious contender.

Failures And Unanswered Questions At The RSPO

Palm nuts by Flickr user oneVillage InitiativeToday was the final day of the 8th Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia. Many controversial and heated issues were hashed out at the four-day gathering as the different interests — which include palm oil producers, processors, traders, retailers, banks, and environmental and social NGOs — battled to be heard. The goal of the RSPO is to promote the growth, production, distribution, and use of sustainable palm oil in the global marketplace. But after spending several long days with the world’s largest palm oil industry leaders, I’m feeling very critical of the RSPO’s ability to move fast enough to protect Indonesia’s incredibly fragile and threatened remaining forests from being converted into oil palm plantations. The RSPO came to a close with the 7th General Assembly (GA7), the official gathering of the RSPO Executive Board where they vote on new resolutions. As an observer at the GA7, I watched as the Indonesian palm oil growers association (GAPKI) and Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) tried to gut the RSPO and undermine its code of conduct. Specifically, they tried to pass a resolution that “35% of members with voting rights in the RSPO organization constitute the quorum” rather than the 50% + 1 always needed in a democratic process. This was an attempt by producer companies such as Sime Darby and Wilmar to strong-arm the political process of the RSPO. However, once the producers realized they would be breaking the code of ethics, they decided to withdraw their proposal. How embarrassing. Another resolution that the producer block brought forward was to delay the implementation of the New Planting Procedure, a resolution adopted last year that makes it harder for companies clearing land for new palm plantations to violate community land rights, operate without all necessary permits, or overlook the importance of High Conservation Value (HCV) forests. It was yet another clear example of large producer companies undermining the respectable attempts of other RSPO members by trying to weaken RSPO Principles and Criteria in order to continue business as usual. Other power plays were rebuffed as well. For instance, Cargill tried to win a seat on the RSPO Executive Board, but lost the vote. Shucks, nice try guys. The lack of progress by the RSPO Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Working Group to figure out how to really curb the GHG emissions that have made Indonesia the third largest emitter of GHG pollution globally was especially disappointing, as was the omission of carbon storage from High Conservation Value (HCV) definitions of forest lands within palm oil plantations (no joke). I’ve now got serious doubts about the sincerity of some of the RSPO members. Why were most of the proposals this year and last year brought forward by the grower/producer block? Why did I not hear any mention of rainforest destruction, the draining of peatlands, or the critical state of the endangered orangutan even once in four days of meetings? And why is it that companies like Sinar Mas who grossly violate the RSPO Principles and Criteria are still allowed to be members, thereby casting doubt on the whole organization and muddying its credibility?

Is the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil Really Looking Out for Small Farmers?

[caption id="" align="alignright" width="330" caption="Rainforest in Indonesia gives way to land that has been clearcut. This is often the first step in preparing land for a palm plantation."]Rainforest in Indonesia gives way to clearcut.[/caption] One of the main focuses at the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil’s 8th gathering (RT8) is smallholders and their role in the world’s palm oil supply. Production by smallholders — a term typically applied to small farmers who grow a mixture of cash crops and subsistence crops — has grown to over 40%. The message this year, therefore, is that “The RSPO is for smallholders too,” not just for the huge companies growing palm oil with a large plantation model. But what I saw yesterday casts significant doubt on this claim. Representing the voices of small farmers who do not work on RSPO-certified plantations was Norsianus, the advocacy coordinator for SPKS, an independent union of oil palm farmers. He spoke on the main stage as part of a panel about “Sustainable Palm Oil for Smallholders and Communities.” Norsianus asked that the RSPO help make a difference for the people he represents. During the question and answer period after Norsianus’ speech, a farmer from the community Dusun Binasari in North Sumatra made a 5-minute comment aimed at PT Ondop Perkasa Makmur (PT OPM)/Agri Nusantara Jaya, the palm company in his area. According to this man, PT OPM has condemned his community through violent land grabbing, criminalization of some community members, and the destruction of several homes. After six years of this treatment at the hands of PT OPM, the man said he had come to the RSPO meeting for help. The response? Despite the awkward silence, no company reps said anything and the panel leader repeatedly asked the man to get to the point. The final comment from the crowd was from an anonymous woman who said, “Smallholders and indigenous leaders have been making comments in the plenary for the past 5 years. They should give the floor to others.” If a five-minute comment by someone whose life and community have been devastated by the palm industry is not taken seriously, I have to question the legitimacy of the RSPO.

The Mainstream Media Spreads the Word about Palm Oil

It has been an amazing few weeks for media about palm oil. Three articles, from the Sacramento Bee, the NYTimes, and highlighted the problems with the expansion of palm oil in Indonesia and Malaysia. The Sacramento Bee article highlighted the role of palm oil in habitat destruction in Indonesia-- underlining the threat to orangutans and other endangered species, as well as to local communities. Our own Rainforest Ag campaign director, Leila Salazar-Lopez, was quoted as saying "How can (palm oil) be sustainable if it's causing so much destruction?". Too true. The front page, above the fold, New York Times article covered the effect that the rising price of palm oil-- driven by consumption both of frying oil and biodiesel-- has had for the food security of poor communities around the world. Palm oil is used every day for frying in many developing countries, and families are forced to forgo buying meat and vegetables in order to pay for the oil. Its an important problem, and it is good to see that the problems of palm oil are getting the prominent placement that they deserve! Last but not least, reported on the environmental effect of palm oil plantations, and how the expansion of palm oil plantations for biofuels threatens community land rights, remaining intact forests, and worsens water shortages. They also draw the connection to global warming, acknowledging that biofuels do more harm than good in terms of carbon emissions. Great to see that the media has begun to pick up on all the many, many problems with palm oil, and that they are spreading the world. Lets hope ADM, Bunge, and Cargill are reading.

Greenwash of the Week (Take II): the Malaysian Palm Oil Board

Wow... if you think that the Malaysian Palm Oil Council's advertisement (see Stan's Post) is atrocious, check out the intro video at Malaysian Palm Oil Board's website. Amazing, huh? The Malaysian Palm Oil Board's mission is to "enhance the well-being of the Malaysian oil palm industry through research, development and excellent services"... which is exactly what they do... even if it means ignoring all facts. According to the video, a monocrop palm oil plantation is "essentially a planted forest". Well, to me, a forest implies more than one kind of tree, the ability to support a variety of wildlife, and net carbon storage-- all of which a palm oil plantation fails to do. The best part of the video, I'd say, is where they list the environmental attributes of the palm oil industry. Did they mention the clearing of the rainforest, the burning of that forest to clear the land, the resulting erosion and water pollution? Nope. Actually, they claim that palm oil plantations do the opposite. The question then stands: Have these people ever visited a palm oil plantation, or heck, even spoken to a person who has ever visited a palm oil plantation? Cause I've visited plenty, and I can tell them, they are all sorts of wrong. Its scary that these that the Malaysian Oil Palm Council and Oil Palm Board can put together these advertisements and share them with the world. Its scary to think that people might actually believe them. More incentive to spread the word about palm oil, and for right now, take advantage of the only thing that these advertisements are good for, and have a good laugh.

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